Mankind has been using pansy throughout history for a variety of purposes. The plant can be split into two different categories: garden and wild. Garden pansies are used as ornamental plants, while wild pansies typically grow in meadows and fields where they’re used to attract bees and other pollinators.
Types of Pansy:
Types of pansies are available in different types, colors, heights, and blooming habits. The most common are the cool weather pansies that are well-suited for planting in early spring or fall. The other varieties include the heat tolerant, the variety of the fragrant flowers, and also suitable to grow indoors.
The Cool Weather Pansy Variety:
The cold-hardy pansy has a wide range of flower colors including violet, yellow, white, maroon-purple, etc. These kinds of pansies are best used when it comes to filling in large gaps between perennials or shrubs or use them as annuals when mixed with violas. Commonly cultivated winter pansies are ‘Improved Henry Eckford’, ‘Snowball Improved’ (‘Frosty’, ‘White Knight’), ‘Crocus’, ‘Yuletide’ etc.
An Improved Cool Weather Pansy is usually quite large-flowered, has dark green leaves with silver markings, and also shows an early start to the pansy’s bloom time. Many of these are fragrant as well. Some varieties of cold-hardy flowers include the “Peggy Martin”, ‘Bankrupt’ series, “Blue Elf” series, “Magic Fountains”(Ice Cool) Series etcetera that have more compact habits than Eckfords or Snowballs They have good branching, dense bushy plants are covered with small blooms of various colors throughout spring through fall.
The Heat Tolerant Variety:
Heat tolerant pansies can be grown in the summer months when other flowers have succumbed to heat. The heat pansies are usually a mixture of different varieties that provide a longer period of bloom and produce a smaller flower than the cold weather variety. Some good summer varieties include ‘Pardon Me, ‘Klassic Kaleidoscope Mixture'(Dutch Master Series), “Ming Thing”, “Cherry Parfait’” etc. These plants look very similar to the Cool Weather Pansy but show their color at different times of the year and reach up to 12-15 inches tall.
The Fragrant Flowers Variety:
Fragrant flower pansies like ‘Double Delight’ (‘Lavender Pinwheels’) and ‘Victor Lee’ have single flowers that are composed of a mixture of blue, lavender, and purple colors. These kinds of pansies also have a more compact growth habit than the Cool Weather Variety. They bloom continuously from spring through fall offering great blooms with smaller plant sizes.
The Indoor Pansy Variety:
These kinds of pansies can grow well both indoors or outdoors as these flowers offer few demands on gardeners. Some indoor varieties include ‘Penny Orange'(‘Orange King’) which is a dwarf variety growing up to only 5 inches tall with orange color flowers and dark green leaves, ‘Igloo’ series which has dwarf plants producing large flowers on short stems and good for cutting as well as the “Mystery Series” which is an excellent variety for the beginners.
Some Tips for Growing Pansies
- Pansies are very easy to grow. These plants need only 6-8 hours of sunlight or filtered light per day to bloom well. Too much direct sunlight will result in loss of blooms and scorched foliage.
- Remove dying flowers so that plants can put energy on new growth instead of on seed production. Deadheading also stimulates more blooming up until frost kills them off.
- You can choose from different varieties based on their height, offerings, color, etc. Make sure you choose a variety that is suited for your needs whether it be filled with shade or sun.
- If you have a choice between Cool-weather pansies and Heat Tolerant Pansies, go for the latter.
How to care for a potted plant with pansies
1. Make sure your container has drainage holes so excess water can escape the potting mix easily. Ensure the container gets at least 4-6 hours of sunlight each day since this is where they get their light from.
2. Use well-draining soil that contains gravel or perlite to ensure drainage while still holding some moisture.
3. Use lukewarm water to water the plant as cold water will shock the roots of African violets and can lead to root rot problems. Water until it starts coming through the drainage holes so that excess moisture is removed from the soil.
4. You can feed your pansy with general-purpose fertilizer or a balanced mix such as 10-10-10 during March and August using small amounts at a time and mixing this into the top of the soil very well before adding more every month.
5. Keep an eye on moths, fungus gnats, and other pests that may arrive on your potted plants; if you notice any of these, treat them immediately before they cause damage to your beautiful new petunias.
Tips on how to create the perfect flower bed with pansies and other flowers
Pansies are making a big comeback these days. They are so popular that you can find them in all kinds of colors and even have different varieties, some more hardy than others. You can mix them with other flowers to create beautiful arrangements for your yard or garden beds. You will need to take into consideration the conditions where you live though because there are special pansies that tolerate the cold better than the others do. Here are some tips on how to make sure you get off to a good start when creating flower beds with pansies.
The first thing many people think about is what color pansies they want in their flower bed or container garden. There are several annual varieties available that have been bred specifically for their flower color. The most popular colors include blue, purple, violet, yellow, and pink. In addition to these colors, there are pastel varieties that have a softer look than the bright ones do.
Bi-Color or Double Pansies:
These flowers have two different colors on each petal which come from crossing a single color pansy with a different one. For example, you might get a bi-color that has darker colored tips on the petals and a lighter center or vice versa. You can even find examples where each side is split down the middle giving them an unusual appearance when they are in full bloom which many people like when creating flower beds.
10 Common myths about pansies:
1. Pansies are meant solely for Easter decoration. False! No flower can be used only for a particular season, they have their distinct beauty on every other day of the year
2. Pansies are difficult to grow indoors. False! They are very easy plants, they require less water and readily survive in containers or pots or any area with bright light exposure. A short spell of winter sun is enough to keep them healthy and active throughout the cold months.
3. Pansies do not need much care and attention during rainy seasons/winter. False! The watering should be increased when it is raining heavily or when the temperature drops below the normal range (20-30 degrees Celsius). If left unattended, the plant might sustain root rot and other fatal diseases.
4. All pansies are brightly colored. False! There are different varieties of pansies that come in different colors – dark burgundy, purple, yellow, and pink to name a few.
5. Pansies can grow well with any plant(s). False! It is best to keep them separate from ferns as both have similar kinds of requirements and it would be difficult for the plants to survive together. Also, certain orchids should not be grown near pansies as they emit toxic substances through their stems which will result in the death of your beautiful planted flowers as well as those you cherish very much! Another example is planting chrysanthemums next to pansies – both require similar kinds of water and soil – it would lead to the death of chrysanthemums as pansies soak most of the moisture from the ground.
6. Pansies require frequent fertilization. True! This is another myth with truth in it, but not all plants need fertilizer regularly. Regular fertilizing is necessary for those varieties whose flowers remain open for more than 2-3 days (some varieties stay fresh for about 7 days). It helps prolong their life and enhance blooming and color formation.
7. Deadheading or removing faded flowers is important especially if you want your plant to bloom again during the autumn months. False! Deadheading may result in a reduction of flowering plants per plant, so wait until early spring and cut them back then. The plant will recover and bloom vigorously during next spring. If you want to enjoy beautiful pansies in autumn as well, you can simply grow those varieties that go dormant or those that come with winter hardiness (survive winter without any need of special care).
8. Pansies should not be planted under trees. False! This rule is valid for some other plants as well such as any kind of pea or bean plant that needs sunlight all day long or at least for a major portion of the day. However, pansies do not fall into this category, they require less light and can easily grow under trees/shade-providing you water them and fertilize them regularly, and keep clipping off faded flowers.
9. Double flowered pansies are healthier. False! This is just a myth, single-flowered varieties are healthy too as long as the plant has enough space to grow and is not being overcrowded by other plants around it.
10. Growing pansies near your home will keep pests away. False! Pansies attract aphids, mealybugs, and whiteflies which help in pollination but at the cost of affecting other surrounding plants that may include your prized garden fruit trees or seedlings grown for vegetative purposes (to be used as leafy vegetables). The best way to deal with whiteflies is by attracting their natural enemies (ladybirds/lacewings) into your garden area, these insects eat up whiteflies.
There are many varieties of pansies available worldwide. From the tall and upright types to the trailing ones, there is a variety for every garden space. The best time to plant them outside in your garden would be when you can see their shadows starting to get longer each day or after all danger from frost has passed. You can also start inside with pots or containers if it’s too cold out!