Brunnera macrophylla, also known as Siberian bugloss, false forget-me-not, and heartleaf brunnera, is a perennial flowering plant that is native to Siberia and northeastern Europe. The plant was introduced to North America in the early 1800s. Brunnera macrophylla typically grows in shady areas with moist soil. The plant produces blue flowers in the spring. read on to find more!
Brunnera macrophylla is a herbaceous perennial that typically grows to 30–50 cm (12–20 in) tall, with a basal rosette of large, heart-shaped leaves 10–25 cm (4–10 in) long and wide. The leaves are hairy on their undersides, with the upper surfaces being hairless or nearly so. The flowers are borne in racemes 20–30 cm (8–12 in) long, each flower being 5–6 mm (0⁄4 – 1⁄4 in) in diameter with four pale blue petals.
Distribution and habitat
Brunnera macrophylla is native to Siberia and northeastern Europe. It has been introduced to North America, where it is often found in shady areas with moist soil.
Brunnera macrophylla is cultivated as an ornamental plant for its blue flowers and large, heart-shaped leaves. The plant prefers shady areas with moist soil. It is resistant to deer and rabbits.
Pests and diseases
The biggest pests of Brunnera macrophylla are slugs and snails, which can cause significant damage to the leaves. The best way to control these pests is to handpick them or use a suitable bait such as iron phosphate. Powdery mildew can also be a problem, especially in humid conditions. To prevent powdery mildew, water the plants at the base rather than wetting the leaves, and keep the foliage as dry as possible.
Brunnera macrophylla is pollinated by bees.
Brunnera macrophylla is sometimes used as a groundcover plant or in shady rock gardens. The leaves can be used in floral arrangements.
Brunnera macrophylla prefers moist soil, so water regularly to keep the soil evenly moist. Do not let the soil dry out or the leaves will begin to wilt.
Fertilize Brunnera macrophylla monthly with a balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10. Apply the fertilizer at the rate recommended on the package for best results.
Deadhead spent flowers to encourage continued blooming. Cut back the plant by one-third after flowering is finished for the season. This will help to keep the plant from getting too leggy.
Brunnera macrophylla can be propagated by seed, division, or cuttings. To propagate by seed, sow the seeds in a flat in late winter or early spring. Keep the soil moist and place the flats in a shady area. The seeds will germinate in 10-21 days. Transplant the seedlings into individual pots when they have two sets of true leaves.
To propagate by division, dig up the plant in early spring and divide it into clumps with a sharp knife. Replant the clumps immediately and water well.
To propagate by cuttings, take 4-6 inch stem cuttings from new growth in early summer. Dip the cuttings in rooting hormone and plant them in a moist potting mix. Place the pots in a shady area and keep the soil moist. The cuttings should root in 4-6 weeks.
Origin & History
The plant Brunnera Macrophylla is a member of the Boraginaceae family and is native to Siberia. It was first described by Peter Simon Pallas in 1776. The name of the genus, Brunnera, is given in honor of Swiss botanist Samuel Brunner while the specific epithet macrophylla comes from the Greek words makros (large) and phyllon (leaf).
Brunnera Macrophylla has been known by many common names over the years including Siberian bugloss, great forget-me-not, heartleaf brunnera, large-leaved brunnera, false forget-me-not, and broadleaf forget-me-not.
The plant was introduced to Europe and North America in the early 19th century as a garden ornamental. It became quite popular and was often used in cottage gardens. Today, Brunnera Macrophylla can be found growing in gardens all over the world.
Brunnera macrophylla is a versatile and low-maintenance plant that can be used in a variety of ways in the garden. It grows well in shaded areas, making it perfect for under trees or next to buildings, and its heart-shaped leaves add a touch of elegance to any landscape. If you’re looking for an easy way to add some color and texture to your garden, consider planting Brunnera macrophylla this year.